Oct 08, 2019  |   104 read

The introduction of Chongyang Festival

重阳节的介绍

Chongyang Festival, also known as the Double Ninth Festival, is an important traditional festival in China.

“Chong” means “double”, while nine is considered to be a yang number in I Ching (yin and yang, a concept of dualism in ancient Chinese cosmology) .

Since the ninth day of the ninth lunar month has two yang numbers, it is called "Chong Yang". 

Also, the ninth lunar month is the period of harvest, so Chongyang Festival actually originates from harvest celebration and ancestor worship.

Later, respect for the elderly was integrated into the connotation of Chongyang Festival, which became the "Respecting the Elderly Day" in 1989, also known as "Seniors' Day".

The Customs of Chongyang Festival

重阳节的习俗

1、登高 Dēnggāo

climbing mountain

Denggao, which literally means ascending heights, refers to mountain climbing. People would go mountaineering with friends and family members in cool autumn weather. It's kind of like a modern autumn outing.

2、赏菊 Shǎng jú

Appreciating chrysanthemum

On Chongyang Festival, chrysanthemums are in full bloom. These autumn flowers have a large variety of shapes and colors, representing a different beauty compared to spring flowers. 

3、戴茱萸 Dài Zhūyú

Wearing Zhuyu

Zhuyu is a kind of plant, whose fruit can be used in Traditional Chinese medicine. In ancient times people believed wearing Zhuyu on Chongyang Festival could cast away pests, dampness and evil spirits.

4、喝菊花酒 Hē júhuā jiǔ

Drinking chrysanthemum wine

In ancient times, chrysanthemum wine was regarded as "Good Luck Wine", which people must drink on Chongyang Festival to eliminate disasters and pray for blessings. Tasting slightly bitter, it clears your eyes and refreshes your spirit.

5、吃重阳糕 Chī Chóngyánggāo

Eating Chongyang cake

Chongyang cake is a kind of sweet pastry. Its preparation can vary from region to region. There is a saying that ancient women could hardly show up in public places and go mountaineering, so they chose to eat Chongyang cake instead of climbing mountains, as in Chinese “cake” and “height” are homophones.

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